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Population statistics

Total population of Thailand 66.05 million (2023)
Age structure (2023)
0-14 years (male 5,308,488/female 5,015,785) 15.63%
15-24 years (male 4,165,022/female 3,966,533) 12.31%
25-54 years (male 14,611,249/female 14,872,822) 44.64%
55-64 years (male 4,242,383/female 4,874,983) 13.80%
65 years and over (male 3,896,866/female 5,098,484)13.62%
Median age 41 years (2023 est.)
Population growth rate 0.2% (2023 est.)
Birth rate 10 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate 7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Life expectancy at birth (2023 est.)
Male 74.9 years
Female 81.1 years
Main urban areas by population (2023)
Bangkok (capital) 5.47 million
Nakorn Ratchasima 2.63 million
Total labour force (Apr 2024) 39.79 million
Unemployment rate 1.1%

Labour Force

The size of the work force in Thailand was 39.79 million (Apr 2024), with the majority of the workforce under 35 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 330 baht per day. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.

Minimum Daily Wage

Effective January 1st, 2024, the minimum wage shows in the below table.

Minimum wage Area
370 baht Phuket
363 baht Bangkok, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakarn, and Samut Sakhon
361 baht Chon Buri and Rayong
352 baht Nakhon Ratchasima
351 baht Samut Songkhram
350 baht Ayutthaya, Chachengsao, Saraburi, Prachin Buri, Khon Kaen and Chiang Mai
349 baht Lop Buri
348 baht Suphan Buri, Nong Khai and Nakhon Nayok
347 baht Krabi and Trat
345 baht Kanchanaburi, Chantaburi, Chiang Rai, Tak, Nakhon Panom, Buriram, Prachuap Kiri Khan, Phang Nga, Pitsanuloak, Mukdaharn, Sakon Nakhon, Song Khla, Sra Kaew, Surat Thani, and Ubon Ratchathani
344 baht Chumphon, Phetchaburi, and Surin
343 baht Nakhon Sawan, Yasothorn, and Lamphun
342 baht Kalasin, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Bueng Kan, Phetchabun, and Roi Et
341 baht Chainart, Chaiyaphum, Pattalung, Sing Buri and Ang Thong
340 baht Kamphaeng Phet, Phichit, Ranong, Maha Sarakham, Mae Hong Son, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Lampang, Loei, Sri Sa Ket, Satun, Sukhothai, Non Bua Lam Phu, Amnat Charoen, Udon Thani, Uttaradit and Uthai Thani
338 baht Trang, Nan, Phayao and Phrae
330 Bhat Narathiwat, Pattani, and Yala
Source: Minitry of Labour as of April 17th, 2024


The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. The development of the Kingdom's human resources is its highest priority.

Definition age 15 and over can read and write (2021)
Population can read and write Thai language 94.1%
Male 95.5%
Female 92.8%

Basic Information

Official language Thai
Capital Bangkok
GDP $513.5 billion (2023)
GDP per capita $7,331.5 (2023)
Currency Baht (THB)
Time zone UTC+7
Internet TLD th
Calling code +66
Total Area 513,120 Sq. Km
Water : 2,230 Sq. Km
Land : 510,890 Sq. Km
Airport : 38 airports (7 international airports)
Railway : 4,429 Km
Roads : 390,026 Km

Source: Ministry of Labor, National Statistical Office of Thailand, Ministry of Interior, The World Factbook, Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council

Last updated:  June 12th, 2024

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