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Thailand in Brief


Population statistics

Total population of Thailand 66.41 million (2018)
Age structure (2018 est.)
0-14 years (male 5,880,026 /female 5,598,611) 16.73%
15-24 years (male 4,840,303 /female 4,649,589) 13.83%
25-54 years (male 15,670,881 /female 15,972,254) 46.12%
55-64 years (male 3,970,979 /female 4,503,647) 12.35%
65 years and over (male 3,289,576 /female 4,239,992) 10.97%
Median age total 38.1 years (2018 est.)
Population growth rate 0.29% (2018 est.)
Birth rate 11 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate 8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Life expectancy at birth (2018 est.)
Male 71.9 years
Female 78.5 years
Main urban areas by population (2018)
Bangkok (capital) 5.68 million
Nakorn Ratchasima 2.65 million
Total labour force (July 2019) 38.09 million
Unemployment rate 1.1%

Population Pyramid

Population PyramidSource : The Bureau of Registration Administration, Department of Provincial Administration (, National Statistical Office of Thailand ( and Central Intelligence Agency, the United States of America (

Labour Force

The size of the work force in Thailand was 38.09 million (July 2019), with the majority of the workforce under 35 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 308 baht per day. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.

Minimum Daily Wage

Effective 1 April 2018, the minimum wage shows in the below table.

Minimum wage Area
330 baht (3 provinces) Chon Buri, Rayong and Phuket
325 baht (7 provinces) Bangkok, Chachoengsao, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon
320 baht (14 provinces) Krabi, Khon Kaen, Chiang Mai, Trat, Nakhon Ratchasima, Ayutthaya, Phang Nga, Lopburi, Songkhla, Saraburi, Suphanburi, Surat Thani, Nong Khai and Ubon Ratchathani
318 baht (7 provinces) Kalasin, Chanthaburi, Nakhon Nayok, Prachin Buri, Mukdahan, Sakon Nakhon and Samut Songkhram
315 baht (21 provinces) Kanchanaburi, Chai Nat, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Sawan, Nan, Beung Kan, Buriram, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Phayao, Phatthalung, Phitsanulok, Petchburi, Phetchabun, Yasothon, Roi Et, Loei, Sa Kaeo, Surin, Ang Thong, Udon Thani, and Uttaradit
310 baht (22 provinces) Kamphaeng Phet, Chaiyaphum, Chumphon, Chiang Rai, Trang, Tak, Nakhon Srithammarat, Phichit, Phrae, Maha Sarakham, Mae Hong Son, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Lampang, Lamphun, Si Sa Ket, Satun, Sing Buri, Sukhothai, Nong Bua Lamphu, Amnat Charoen and Uthai Thani
308 baht (3 provinces) Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala
Source : Ministry of Labor ( as of 27 December 2018:


The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. The development of the Kingdom's human resources is its highest priority.

Definition age 6 and over can read and write (2015)
Population can read and write Thai language 93%
Male 94.5%
Female 91.5%

Basic Information

Official language Thai
Government Constitutional monarchy
Capital Bangkok
GDP $505 billion (2018)
GDP per capita $7,445.4 (2018)
Currency Baht (THB)
Time zone UTC+7
Internet TLD th
Calling code +66
Total Area 513,120 Sq. Km
Water : 2,230 Sq. Km
Land : 510,890 Sq. Km
Airport : 38 airports (7 international airports)
Railway : 4,429 Km
Roads : 390,026 Km
Source : Ministry of Labor ( ; National Statistical Office of Thailand
Last updated : July 31, 2019

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