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Thailand in Brief


Population statistics

Total population of Thailand 66.09 million (2022)
Age structure (2022)
0-14 years (male 5,454,539 /female 5,151,825) 16.05%
15-24 years (male 4,221,749/female 4,023,668) 12.48%
25-54 years (male 14,712,579/female 15,005,961) 44.97%
55-64 years (male 41,36,063/female 4,748,248) 13.44%
65 years and over (male 3,745,685/female 4,890,158) 13.07%
Median age total 39 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate 0.2% (2023 est.)
Birth rate 10.04 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Death rate 7.86 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)
Life expectancy at birth (2023 est.)
Male 74.92 years
Female 81.05 years
Main urban areas by population (2022)
Bangkok (capital) 5.49 million
Nakorn Ratchasima 2.63 million
Total labour force (Quarter 2/2023) 40.30 million
Unemployment rate 1.1%

Population Pyramid

Source : The Bureau of Registration Administration, Department of Provincial Administration (, National Statistical Office of Thailand ( and Central Intelligence Agency, the United States of America (

Labour Force

The size of the work force in Thailand was 40.30 million (Q2/2023), with the majority of the workforce under 35 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 313 baht per day. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.

Minimum Daily Wage

Effective October 1st, 2022, the minimum wage shows in the below table.

Minimum wage Area
354 baht (3 provinces) Chon Buri, Rayong, and Phuket
353 baht (6 provinces) Bangkok, Nonthaburi, Nakhon Pathom, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakarn, and Samut Sakhon
345 baht (1 provinces) Chachengsao
343 baht (1 provinces) Ayutthaya
340 baht (14 provinces) Prachin Buri, Nong Khai, Ubon Ratchathani, Phang Nga, Krabi, Trat, Khon Kaen, Chiang Mai, Suphan Buri, Song Khla, Surat Thani, Nakhon Ratchasima, Lop Buri, and Saraburi
338 baht (6 provinces) Mukdaharn, Kalasin, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Songkram, Chantaburi, and Nakhon Nayok
335 baht (19 provinces) Petchabun, Kanchanaburi, Bueng Karn, Chainart, Nakhon Panom, Payao, Surin, Yasothorn, Roi Et, Loei, Pattalung, Uttaradit, Nakhon Sawan, Prachuap Kiri Khan, Pitsanuloak, Ang Thong, Sra Kaew, Buriram, and Petchaburi/td>
320 baht (21 provinces) Kanchanaburi, Chainat, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Sawan, Nan, Bung Kan, Buri Ram, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Phatthalung, Phitsanuloke, Phetchaburi, Phetchabun, Phayao, Yasothon, Roi-et, Loei, Sa Kaew, Surin, Ang Thong, Udon Thani and Uttradit
332 baht (22 provinces) Amnart Charoen, Mae Hong Sorn, Chiang Rai, Trang, Si Sakate, Nong Bua Lampu, Uthai Thani, Lampang, Lamphun, Chumporn, Mahasarakarm, Sing Buri, Satun, Prae, Sukhothai, Kampaengpetch, Ratchaburi, Tak, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Chaiyaphum, Ranong, and Pichit
328 baht (5 provinces) Yala, Pattani, Narathiwas, Nan, and Udon Thani
Source : Royal Thai Government ( as of September 16th, 2022


The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. The development of the Kingdom's human resources is its highest priority.

Definition age 15 and over can read and write (2018)
Population can read and write Thai language 93.8%
Male 95.2%
Female 92.4%

Basic Information

Official language Thai
Capital Bangkok
GDP $495.3 billion (2022)
GDP per capita $7,090.9 (2022)
Currency Baht (THB)
Time zone UTC+7
Internet TLD th
Calling code +66
Total Area 513,120 Sq. Km
Water : 2,230 Sq. Km
Land : 510,890 Sq. Km
Airport : 38 airports (7 international airports)
Railway : 4,429 Km
Roads : 390,026 Km
Source : Ministry of Labor, National Statistical Office of Thailand, Ministry of Interior, The World Factbook, Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council
Last updated :  September 19th, 2023

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