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Thailand in Brief


Population statistics

Total population of Thailand 66.17 million (2021)
Age structure (2021)
0-14 years (male 5,612,711 /female 5,302,116) 16.49%
15-24 years (male 4,311,507/female 4,111,057) 12.73%
25-54 years (male 14,760,947/female 15,079,981) 45.10%
55-64 years (male 4,042,250/female 4,636,216) 13.12%
65 years and over (male 3,611,703/female 4,702,951) 12.57%
Median age total 39 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate 0.26% (2021 est.)
Birth rate 10.25 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate 7.66 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birth (2021 est.)
Male 74.39 years
Female 80.6 years
Main urban areas by population (2021)
Bangkok (capital) 5.53 million
Nakorn Ratchasima 2.63 million
Total labour force (Quarter 2/2022) 39.77 million
Unemployment rate 1.4%

Population Pyramid

Source : The Bureau of Registration Administration, Department of Provincial Administration (, National Statistical Office of Thailand ( and Central Intelligence Agency, the United States of America (

Labour Force

The size of the work force in Thailand was 39.77 million (Q2/2022), with the majority of the workforce under 35 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 313 baht per day. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.

Minimum Daily Wage

Effective January 1, 2020, the minimum wage shows in the below table.

Minimum wage Area
336 baht (2 provinces) Chon Buri and Phuket
335 baht (1 provinces) Rayong
331 baht (6 provinces) Bangkok, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan and Samut Sakhon
330 baht (1 provinces) Chachoengsao
325 baht (14 provinces) Krabi, Khon Kaen, Chiang Mai, Trat, Nakhon Ratchasima, Ayutthaya, Phang-nga, Lop Buri, Songkhla, Saraburi, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Nong Khai and Ubon Ratchathani
324 baht (1 provinces) Prachin Buri
323 baht (6 provinces) Kalasin, Chanthaburi, Nakhon Nayok, Mukdahan, Sakhon Nakhon and Samut Songkhram
320 baht (21 provinces) Kanchanaburi, Chainat, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Sawan, Nan, Bung Kan, Buri Ram, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Phatthalung, Phitsanuloke, Phetchaburi, Phetchabun, Phayao, Yasothon, Roi-et, Loei, Sa Kaew, Surin, Ang Thong, Udon Thani and Uttradit
315 baht (22 provinces) Kamphaeng Phet, Chaiyaphum, Chumpon, Chiang Rai, Trang, Tak, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phichit, Phrae, Maha Sarakham, Mae Hong Son, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Lampang, Lamphun, Si Sa Ket, Sathun, Sing Buri, Sukhothai, Nong Bua Lamphu, Uthai Thani and Amnat Charoen
313 baht (3 provinces) Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala
Source : Ministry of Labor ( as of January 15th, 2020


The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. The development of the Kingdom's human resources is its highest priority.

Definition age 15 and over can read and write (2018)
Population can read and write Thai language 93.8%
Male 95.2%
Female 92.4%

Basic Information

Official language Thai
Capital Bangkok
GDP $505.5 billion (2021)
GDP per capita $7,254.3 (2021)
Currency Baht (THB)
Time zone UTC+7
Internet TLD th
Calling code +66
Total Area 513,120 Sq. Km
Water : 2,230 Sq. Km
Land : 510,890 Sq. Km
Airport : 38 airports (7 international airports)
Railway : 4,429 Km
Roads : 390,026 Km
Source : Ministry of Labor ( ; National Statistical Office of Thailand
Last updated : July 30th, 2022

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