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Total population of Thailand

65.93 million (2016)

Age structure (Only the registered person in the actual resident) (2016)

14 years (male 5,877,357/female 5,555,974)


15-24 years (male 4,663,327/female 4,477,217)


25-54 years (male 14,731,742/female 15,215,064)


55-64 years (male 3,378,157/female 3,861,354)


65 years and over (male 2,885,834/female 3,771,119)


Median age total

37.2 years (2016 est.)

Population growth rate

0.32% (2016 est.)

Birth rate

11.1 births/1,000 population (2016)

Death rate

7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016)

Life expectancy at birth (2016)


71.5 years


78.0 years

Main urban areas by population (2016)

Bangkok (capital)

5.69 million

Nakorn Ratchasima

2.63 million

Total labour force (July 2017)

38.70 million

Unemployment rate


Population Pyramid:

Source: The Bureau of Registration Administration, Department of Provincial Administration (

National Statistical Office of Thailand (

Central Intelligence Agency, the United States of America (

Last updated: Aug 29, 2017 

Labour Force

The size of the work force in Thailand was 38.50 million (2016), with the majority of the workforce under 35 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 300 baht per day. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.

Minimum Daily Wage 

Effective 1 January 2016, the minimum wage shows in the below table.

Minimum wage


310 Baht

Bangkok, Nakhonpathom,  Nonthaburi,  Pathumthani, Phuket, Samutprakan, Samutsakhon

308 Baht

Krabi, Khon Kaen, Chachoengsao, Chonburi, Chiangmai, Nakhonratchasima, Prachinburi, Ayutthaya, Rayong, Phangnga, Saraburi, Songkhla, Suratthani

305 Baht

Kanchanaburi, Kalasin, Kamphaengphet, Chantaburi, Chainat, Chaiyaphum, Chiang Rai, Trat, Tak, Nakhonnayok, Nakhonphanom, Nakhonsawan, Nan, Buengkan, Lopburi, Ratchaburi, Petchburi, Angthong, Loei, Phatthalung, Satun, Sakaeo, Samutsongkhram, Prachuapkhirikhan, Suratthani, Ubonratchathani, Udonthani, Nongkhai, Lampoon, Uthaithani, Suphan Buri, Buribam, Phetchabun, Yasothon, Roiet, Sakonnakhon, , Mukdahan, Lampang, Sukhothai, Nongbualamphu,  Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phrae, Mahasarakham,  Mae Hong Son, Amnatcharoen, Uttaradit, Surin, Sisaket and Phayao



300 Baht

Chumporn, Trang, Nakhonsithammarat, Narathiwat, Ranong, Sing Buri, Yala, Pattani

Source: Ministry of Labor ( as August 2017; National Statistical Office of Thailand


The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. The development of the Kingdom's human resources is its highest priority.

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write

Population can read and write Thai language: 96.7%

Male: 96.6%

Female: 96.7% (2015 est.)

Basic Information

Official language: Thai

Government: Constitutional monarchy

Capital: Bangkok

GDP $407.1 billion (2016)

GDP per capita $6,035.1 (2016)

Currency: Baht (THB) 

Time zone: UTC+7

Internet TLD: .th

Calling code +66

Total Area: 513,120 Sq. Km

Water: 2,230 Sq. Km

Land: 510,890 Sq. Km

Airports: 38 airports (7 international airports)

Railways: 4,429 Km

Roads: 390,026 Km

Sources: The National Statistical Office Thailand, CIA World Fact Book, Ministry of Labour, Airports of Thailand PCL, NESDB as of 29 August 2017

Last updated: 30 August 2017