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Total population of Thailand

65.73 million (2015)

Age Structure (Only the registered person in the actual resident) (2015)

14 years (male 5,941,496/female 5,615,901)


15-24 years (male 4,748,145/female 4,561,365)


25-54 years (male 14,732,912/female 15,699,482)


55-64 years (male 3,261,390/female 3,726,467)


65 years and over (male 2,775,419/female 3,623,161)


Median Age total

34.7 years (2010)

Population Growth Rate

0.8% (2010)

Birth Rate

11.9 births/1,000 population (2016)

Death Rate

8 deaths/1,000 population (2016)

Life Expectancy at Birth (2013)


71.8 years


78.6 years

Main urban areas by population (2015)

Bangkok (capital)

5.69 million

Nakorn Ratchasima

2.63 million

Total labour force (June 2016)

38.70 million

Unemployment rate


Source: Department of Provincial Administration (

National Statistical Office of Thailand (

Department of Provincial Administration ( 

Mahidol Population Gazette (

Last updated: July 22, 2016


The size of the work force in Thailand was 38.70 million (June 2016), with the majority of the workforce under 35 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 300 baht per day in Bangkok and everywhere in country. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.


Minimum Daily Wage 

Effective 1 January 2013, the minimum wage in all provinces of Thailand is 300 baht per day.

Minimum Wage

Provinces (77)

300 Baht

Phuket, Bangkok, Samut Prakan, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Sakhon, Chonburi, Chachoengsao, Saraburi, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Rayong, Pang-Nga, Ranong, Krabi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Prachin Buri, Lopburi, Kanchanaburi, Chiang Mai, Ratchaburi, Chan Buri,  Petch Buri, Songkhla, Sing Buri, Trang, Nakhon Si Thammarat,  Ang Thong, Loei, Chumphon, Phattalung, Satun, Sakaew, Samut Songkram, Prachuab Khirikhan, Yala, Surat Thani, Narathiwat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Nakhonnayok, Pattani, Nong Khai, Trat, Bueng Kan, Lampun, Kampaengphet , U-thai Thani, Kalasin, Khon Kaen, Chai Nat, Suphan Buri, Chiang Rai, Nakhon Sawan, Buriram, Petchaboon, Yasothorn, Rot Et, Sakhon Nakorn, Chaiyaphum, Mukdahan, Lampang, Sukhothai, Nhong Bualampoo, Nakhon Phanom, Pichit, Pisanulok, Phrae, Maha Sarakam, Mae Hong Son, Amnaj Charoen, Uttaradit, Tak, Surin, Nan, Si Saket, Phayao

Source: Ministry of Labor ( as of July 27, 2015; National Statistical Office of Thailand (



The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. The development of the Kingdom's human resources is its highest priority.

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write

Population can read and write any language: 98.2%

Population can read and write Thai language: 96.4%

Source: National Statistical Office of Thailand (


Basic Information

Official language: Thai

Government: Constitutional monarchy

Capital: Bangkok

GDP $395.2 billion (2015)

GDP per capita $5,878.2 (2015)

Currency: Baht (THB) 

Time zone: UTC+7

Internet TLD: .th

Calling code +66

Additional Information

Total Area: 513,120 Sq. Km

Water: 2,230 Sq. Km

Land: 510,890 Sq. Km

Airports: 38 airports (7 international airports)

Railways: 4,429 Km

Roads: 390,026 Km


Sources: Bank of Thailand, NESDB, and Airports of Thailand PLC.

Last updated: March 23, 2016